For an hour of work, Juha Järvinen had to fill out tons of paperwork and his or her compensation unemployment was taxed. Thanks to the universal allowance put to the test in Finland, this father of a large family and hopes for a new start.
Scheduled to last for two years from 1 January, the experience relates to the 2,000 registered unemployed receiving modest compensation. In case of success, the allocation could be generalized, but the amount and the terms and conditions of the grant remain to be stop.
The “basic income” of finland, set at 560 euros monthly, which is like less than the subsistence income, defended in France by the candidate in the primary socialist Benoît Hamon, that income supportive of activity (RSA), which is supposed to encourage the unemployed to resume work.
the Father of six children, Juha Järvinen, 37 years old, will continue to receive this amount, without condition, in addition to family allowance (800€) and with his salary… if it works.
The social Security ensures that none of the participants loses out financially.
- motivating the unemployed -
Juha Järvinen is satisfied that the guarantee of a minimum income — which will add any income from work — will change that. “Five years ago, my company went bankrupt and since then, I don’t expect that of me again”. But “the small amounts earned are credited” unemployment benefits, ” he says.
Referring to a period of his life, “humiliating”, this inhabitant of Kurikka (west) has finished, discouraged, refuse the small jobs or fixed-term jobs that were offered. They do not bring more than its benefits.
His wife, health care aide, has provided the needs of the couple and their six children. Not what to do of extras, in a country whose welfare State is one of the most generous in the world, but where the cost of living is high.
Presented as a lever for incentivising the unemployed to regain a foothold in the labour market, the universal allowance is the subject of a wide consensus within the political class in finland.
voters are more divided. Those on the left of the plebiscite, some even believe insufficient the amount tested. Those on the right see it as a risk that the beneficiaries will sink into inactivity.
- Boost employment -
For the trade union Confederation of employees SAK, the danger is to “subsidize” the employment sub-paid by exempting companies to offer full-time properly paid — because the State provides part of the needs of people.
“We do not support a labour market without decent wages, where workers are partially paid by the social Security. In practice, this amounts to assistance to enterprises,” said its president Jarkko Eloranta.
The Finland, a country of the euro zone tries to revive its economy after three years of recession (2012-2014). Its unemployment rate is still relatively high (8.7%), and long-term unemployment remains a scourge: the one unemployed person in three has not worked for over a year.
If the pro-austerity government of the centrist Juha Sipilä promotes the universal allowance as a means of stimulating employment, his detractors ascribe ulterior motives to the budget. The government, they feared, might seize the opportunity to reduce the volume of social benefits.
Concept of the secular, the basic income aims to provide an income, without condition or capital work on a permanent basis, combined with a job.
But he now takes the strokes very varied, depending on the ideological orientation: a vector of social inclusion or even change of paradigm compared to the “work aliénateur” for its promoters to the left, it is proposed often in the liberal streams for the purposes of merge of the social supports perceived as a comfort and a cause of idleness.
In France, the Gironde department has launched a simulation prior to the implementation of an experiment at the Finnish holding up to four scenarios: a merger of several social aid, a fusion of ten minimum wage, a basic income, universal and unconditional 750 euros and a basic income, universal and unconditional of 1,000 euros.