The realization of these trains is one of the most important contracts in the history of the railway in Europe. The amount of this historic contract could reach $ 3.75 billion.
Good news for the tandem Alstom-Bombardier: the consortium won the project of the RER new generation (RER NG). It is one of the most important contracts in the history of the railway in Europe, with a first tranche of 1.55 billion euros and the total amount of which may reach $ 3.75 billion. As a reminder, this contract is for the supply of 270 reams.
“the part of The consortium, Alstom-Bombardier of the first tranche amounted to 1,1552 billion euro (approximately 70% Alstom-30% Bomber)”, the rest corresponding to the cost of studies, design, industrialization, project tracking and certification, announced in a press release the Stif (Syndicat des transports en Ile-de-France), who had spent the tender and finance the trains, and SNCF, in charge of the conduct of this tender.
As announced in Le Figaro on January 6, the consortium franco-canadian, Alstom-Bombardier, started as clear favourite, as his only rival, the Spanish CAF, was eliminated at the end of October. To the study since several years, the RER NG must equip the lines E and D of the network île-de-france. To this end, a first call was launched in 2012, but cancelled for lack of satisfactory answers. The SNCF was then re-ignited in may 2013.
This time, the note which is to be fully financed by the Stif, thanks to the borrowing and self-financing. In theory, the first tranche of orders must be on 71 trains, of which 56 for the RER E and 15 trains for the RER D. But other slices of orders may be made by the following. The production should be shared as well: Alstom will take care of the cockpit and components, while the canadian industrial will manufacture passenger cars.
“It is necessary for our factories to do the production complete”
This mega-contract comes as good news for the two companies. “We are very pleased with this new order,” says Laurent Bouyer, president of Bombardier France, in the Figaro. “It will allow us to bring our know-how and demonstrate our ability to produce in France”. As an indication, Bombardier is still in the red, in the third quarter of 2016, with a turnover of 3.7 billion, a drop of 10%, due to a “planned reduction of revenue from business aircraft”. Conversely, Alstom displays a health of iron: the turnover grew 8 %, to 3.6 billion euros for the first half of its non-calendar fiscal year 2016-2017. “It is always a good new when the know-how of the employees of Alstom are put forward,” enthused Philippe Martinez, general secretary of the CGT, at the microphone of franceinfo, on Wednesday morning.
Some elected officials and unions, however, a certain amount of concern for the employment. “We know that Alstom and Bombardier have recourse to subcontracting abroad”, says Pierre Garzon, vice-president of the Val-de-Marne in charge of transport and managing director of the Stif, in Figaro. “It is necessary to have a long-term vision, that our factories are the full production and not just assembly, because today, by dint of being relocated and have neglected the training, we have lost a certain amount of know-how and jobs”. To address this problem, several communist officials are called on to perform a first tranche of orders of 181 trains against the 71 originally planned. “This way, we would have achieved € 30 million of cost savings”, full Stone Garzon.
“Stay in the dynamics of the “Made in France”
Contacted by The Figaro, the French industrialist ensures that, if the contract is actually awarded, the entire production will be done in the Hexagon. “The production will commence at the beginning of the year 2020″, says Patrick de Cara, delegate central CFDT Alstom, in Figaro. “We are currently in the under-load in multiple facilities: 61 people are unemployed technical on the site of Valenciennes, and about 250 employees are affected by the partial unemployment to Petite-Forêt”. The trade unionist also concerned that the number of trains planned in the contract to be revised down, as was the case with the trains Régiolis, 2011.
Chez Bombardier Transportation France, these fears are more nuanced. “The site of Crespin has an expertise that is recognised, therefore this contract will help ensure the long-term production”, relativizes Jean-François Renard of the CFDT in the French subsidiary. “However, we have concerns about the branch design, which could potentially be relocated”. The president of the French subsidiary sweeps away the anxiety of a reverse of hand. “My concern is to stay in the dynamics of the” Made in France,” says Laurent Bouyer. “In total, we are going to mobilize 350 people on the project RER new generation”. As a reminder, the site in Crespin, in the North, is the unique site of the canadian industrial France, and employs 2000 employees.