In terms of inter-regional rail transport in France, the worst is it still safe? Regarding the balance of the territory Trains (TET) in any case, the black scenario feared by elected representatives (see box) looks set to materialize. The report of the parliamentary committee chaired by the deputy PS Calvados Philippe Duron _ which must be submitted to the government on Tuesday _ “ stands a severe finding of network status Intercity + quality of the offer continually degraded. .. significantly increased travel times, a regularity that fell . It advocates abandoning several night trains and too expensive routes , “wrote Le Parisien Tuesday that it has acquired anxiously awaited report by local elected officials.
One thing shaped funeral oration which overlaps with the Court of Auditors had made in February pleaded for the adoption of “ strong measures to reduce costs management of these trains, but also choices regarding their scope and financing “
“ With the exception of four night routes (Paris-Hendaye, North East – Mediterranean, Paris-Côte Vermeille and Paris-Savoie) The report does not advocate actual deletions lines on the wholes trips. The recommendations tend to focus on sections + oversized and unfrequented + as between Nantes and Quimper, between Bordeaux and Toulouse, between Bordeaux and Nice , “said Le Parisien.
The Committee on the Future of Intercity trains, which will adapt supply to demand, considers it necessary to carry out” a line by line analysis (…) to identify which routes should be maintained and even strengthened and what routes should be reduced “
The TET trains lose between 300 and 400 million euros per year
Compared with TGV for which the State has had the eyes of Chimene and TER pampered by Regions, -that is to say TET, ex trains and Coral Téoz, are figures of poor relations with their rolling stock breathless. According Auxiette Jacques, President (PS) of the Pays de la Loire is also a transportation specialist (he has long chaired the Group of responsible transport authorities), the TET network an annual deficit of exploitation “300 to 400 million euros “, for a turnover of 1 billion, in part because” the cost km / train in France is the highest in Europe . ” According to RTL, the deficit reached EUR 340 million in 2014, € 100 million more than four years ago.
TET service may pay the price “budget choice” of the state, said last week the president of the Cities of France and senator UMP mayor of Beauvais, Caroline Cayeux. “ Everyone knows, SNCF has an idea on (their) future. The challenge is to remove more than half of the lines of TET . ” Currently, 325 TET trains run every day more than 300 destinations in France more than 40 lines. SNCF estimated that between 2011 and 2014, TFWs cost him € 1.4 billion cash, for an average occupancy rate of 50%. Since the agreement signed in 2010 between SNCF and the State, it is the latter who assumes financial responsibility for the balance of
A line of closure would be “ a very bad signal at a time when the climate conference is going to France, where he is said to be passing car trips to public transport ” warned Tuesday Green MP and vice president of the National Assembly Denis Baupin on France Info.
The Duron report also proposes to reduce the frequency of trains on certain routes (Rouen-Le Havre Amiens-Boulogne …) or replacing rail links by bus (on Bordeaux-Lyon, Toulouse-Hendaye). A tender for public service delegation could be organized to retrieve rows that SNCF does not want to support. This open competition is scheduled for 2019. The schedule could be advanced.
Finally, the report is not only dependent on the network. It calls for “strengthening the supply Intercités on lines with high potential,” as Paris-Caen and Paris-Limoges-Toulouse.