Thursday, May 21, 2015

For the OECD, income inequality in the world are “a … – Les Echos

The differences between the richest and poorest jumped in thirty years, reaching a record level in the OECD. France is
average, but inequalities have progressed since 2007.

The conclusion is clear: income inequality between rich and poor has never been as high qu’aujourd ‘ hui in most OECD countries and are now at their highest level in thirty years. In a report released Thursday, the organization of the Muette castle stresses that “in the 34 countries in the OECD, the 10% richest of the population have incomes 9.6 times higher than that of the poorest 10%. This gap was 7.1 times in 1980 and 9.1 times in the 2000s, “ the document says. This time entitled “In Our why fewer inequalities benefit everyone”, that is the third report since 2008 to deal with this subject, a sign that the issue is taken very seriously.

From the Gini coefficient, which measures inequality – zero corresponding to the total uniformity and one absolute inequality – the report shows that average countries OECD stood at 0,315 (0,285 in 1985, with OECD 22). France is in the average, but with the peculiarity of having seen inequality accelerated sharply since 2007. Unlike Germany which, from 2000 to 2007, has increased income gaps and stabilization. The UK does not appear good student with a Gini coefficient still well above the average for the last thirty years. The gap between the fringe of the rich and the poor is 1 to 10. The deteriorating trend is as clear in the US where the Gini coefficient is now at 0.4. The emerging side, some countries such as Turkey, Mexico or Chile now approaching 0.5. Growing, these developing countries are proving more egalitarian than their neighbors emerged. But some, like China, are beginning to see the gaps stabilize, while others, such as Brazil, seeing the same shrink.

precarious jobs

“We have reached a critical point. Inequality in OECD countries have never been higher since we measure “, said Secretary General of the organization, Angel Gurría, presenting the report. There is a danger because the impact of inequality not only affects social cohesion but also hurts growth. “By not addressing the problem of inequality, governments weaken the social fabric in their countries and undermine their long-term economic growth,” says the Secretary General.

To reduce inequality and stimulate growth, the OECD recommends that governments promote equality between men and women in employment, increase access to more stable jobs and encourage investment in education and training. Redistribution through the tax is also an effective way to reduce inequalities, the report added.

Between 1995 and 2013, more than half of the jobs created in the OECD countries were part-time, fixed-term contract or self-employed fell. More than half of temporary jobs were held by less than thirty years. As for women, the likelihood that paid employment is 16% lower than men’s, and their salaries are 15% lower than those of men.

Michel De Grandi, Les Echos

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