growing Poverty, difficulty of access to housing, job insecurity, rising unemployment rates. Access to a business sustainable is narrowing for young people. And it would appear that the measures put in place for several decades are less or not appropriate at all. In a report, unveiled on Wednesday October 5, the Court of auditors recommends to rethink and simplify the range of mechanisms to facilitate the access of young people to employment, in order to make them more relevant and more efficient.
The Court noted that, in spite of the high cost and growing :
“The results obtained from the point of view of access to sustainable employment are not the measure, nor the goals, nor the means mobilized.”
What are these devices ? The measures to begin the effects of an economy that is sluggish on youth has focused on three levers : the direct aid to employment, support and training.
But the Court considers that these measures constitute “a system of particularly complex” where the overlap of many instruments sometimes redundant, involving multiple stakeholders, ranging from State and local governments and the social partners, by way of the economic actors and associations.
This pile of devices designed to support, insert, or train young people would not respond to the diversity of situations and of their needs.
Expensive and ineffective
The policy priority has been marked in favour of youth employment, which has resulted in a public effort of almost € 10.5 billion in 2015, led to results considered disappointing by the Court.
“Less than one-third of the credits cover today are directed towards the most intensive and the most effective from the point of view of access to sustainable employment”, reports to the institution.
The long-term support, provided by Pôle emploi and the missions locales (local missions, is regarded as ineffective. Three critical key remain against these devices :
- the selectivity of the public is insufficient for the accompaniment and, to a lesser degree, to assisted contracts.
- the intensity of the accompaniment of young people is insufficient and the monitoring of young people is not effective – the content of training is generally limited.
The Court proposes to give a lower priority to assisted contracts, that generate windfall effects in the sectors private as well as public, and more use of the classic forms of alternation.
This shift of resources is all the more necessary that the contracts helped them to “generate significant windfall effects, both in the private and public sector”.
Reduce the support and intensify training
For the Court of auditors, the duration of such contracts, in particular one of the jobs of the future, should be reduced and the transition to training should be facilitated.
The Court therefore calls more for a redeployment of staff and appropriations to the youth Guarantee, the devices of the second chance and alternation, considered to be more efficient.
what is the youth Guarantee and the devices of the second chance ? The youth Guarantee offers under the age of 16 to 25 years, with little or no education, a course of intensive training and access to employment.
The devices of the second chance is reflected by the initiations of individual to a new profession for young people leaving the school system. The tools to achieve this are the learning, the alternation of strong, individual support.
A recommendation that justifies the Court of auditors :
“the character of The labour market disadvantage of the input compared to the assets settled in the job. The inadequacy of the initial training, its inadequacy to the needs of the productive apparatus and the absence of prior contact with the business world also contributed to this situation.”
C. T. with Reuters