Officially signed on Sunday, the treaty of free trade between the EU and Canada will now have to be ratified by the national and regional Parliaments of the countries of the Union.
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Marked as ” no chance “. The official signing of the CETA, the comprehensive treaty for free trade between the european Union and Canada, had to be once again delayed, on Sunday, October 30, following a technical incident occurred after the departure of the aircraft of the prime minister Justin Trudeau. The device had to turn back to be repaired. And on his arrival at the building of the european Council, in Brussels, the canadian leader has been able to see that the euphoria was not to put : a few hundred demonstrators had been brushed with red facade and the service order. A dozen protesters were arrested after penetrating into the lock of safety of the building.
It is thus, finally, on the blow of 14 hours that has been endorsed this agreement described as ” history “ by all the participants at a meeting called ” top “, more because of its symbolic significance and its content. The european heads of State were absent − they had marked their agreement in a written procedure at the end of the week − and represented by the president of the Council, Donald Tusk.
The fierce opposition of Wallonia and of its minister-president Paul Magnette, had led to a first report of the meeting of euro-canadian, originally scheduled for Thursday. The european institutions wanted to absolutely forget the faster the failure. Where the organization is very unusual, a Sunday afternoon, this session of signing, that there was no justification really. Apart from the desire to occupy, and, on the other, the field of the media.
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” free trade and globalization to protect “
During the press conference that followed the signing, Mr. Trudeau, Mr. Tusk and Jean-Claude Juncker, the president of the european Commission, have highlighted the drug’s potential benefits of the AACC and of the agreement of ” strategic partnership “, which is associated with : end of customs barriers, boost investments, job creation ” better “, defence of public services and the protection of the environment, etc, ” I am vexed that we could think that we wanted to sacrifice the rights of workers ” said Mr Juncker.
when asked about the opposition to this treaty and to others who could follow − any mention of the TTIP, or Tafta, which could unite one day Americans and Europeans has been avoided, the three leaders adopted a mild tone. the ” free trade and globalization to protect, but few people understand and believe, said Mr Tusk. the It is necessary to convince them. “ ” I’m not criticizing those who constantly criticize. But those who are in the street need to hear and, if possible, listen to as well. We have nothing sold on our main values “, she said Mr Juncker.
On the serious reservations expressed by the walloon region, Mr. Trudeau has skillfully kicked into touch, not responding to the assertion that the AACC could be the “Trojan horse” of the TTIP. Mr Tusk judge him, that the debate generated by Mr. Magnette has even been ” profitable “, forcing the issue ” credible information “ citizens.
Mr Juncker, however, was swept away. If it is said to be ” grateful “ for Mr. Magnette to have thanked the Committee for its positive role in the negotiation, he concentrated fire on the Centre démocrate humaniste, a partner in power in Wallonia. The president, Benoit Lutgen, had denounced the threats exerted on the belgian French-language and behavior ” hoodlum “ of the Commission. the ” We have never threatened “, said Mr Juncker, who invited Belgium to ” think about their mode of institutional functioning for the international relations “.
38 assemblies should decide
the text of The CETA will now have to be ratified by the european Parliament, probably in early 2017, which will allow for the implementation of provisional and partial. Then, no less than 38 meetings, national or regional, should give their opinion in the countries of the Union. Procedures that could take several years and seem to, now, full of uncertainties : the in-depth review of the original text by the Walloons will probably wake up the passions of some parliamentarians who had, heretofore, not paid great attention to the AACC.
In Germany, the Bundestag is expected to say ” yes “, the two members of the ” grand coalition “with y is favorable. For the SPD, the opponents have been placed in a minority following a vote obtained by Sigmar Gabriel, party chairman and minister of the economy. The Bundesrat will also vote according to a procedure which is not determined. One of them would to the Greens and Die Linke, who are participating in 12 regional governments on 16, to block the process.
In Austria, where strong reservations were expressed, the Parliament should adopt the AACC even if the trade unions are very powerful, there are still opposed to it. The ÖVP (conservative) is in control of the ministry of the economy, but the extreme right freedom party is against the project and calls for a referendum. The Parliament should therefore ratify the text quickly, in any case before the next parliamentary elections that the FPÖ is almost sure to win.
In Hungary, the Fidesz party of prime minister Viktor Orban has long maintained the blur on his position. It now displays its support for the text, the government is considering finally that the agreement will benefit the Hungarian companies.
Read also : After the signing of the AACC, its ratification remains fraught
in The netherlands, where farmers and antiglobalization movements have supported the fight of Wallonia, the text should reap a large majority in Parliament. The government, however, is not immune to a surprise if a mobilization was organized to demand a referendum. The movements antieuropéens have blocked it, since last April, another treaty, the one who had to associate with the EU and Ukraine.
In Luxembourg, the elected representatives should ratify the treaty even if a recent mobilization of 5,000 people, impressive given the size of the country, has weighed on the discussions. The Greens, in power, are likely to pay dearly at election time for their rallying. The socialists, the other partners in the liberal Xavier Bettel, hide evil in their divisions.
consultation, as required by the Wallonia and the whole of Belgium, the european Court of justice regarding arbitration mechanisms (with judges appointed by the States, but presumed independent) poses another threat to the entry into force of the agreement : if the judges of Luxembourg make a stop-negative − in a year at best, and only if the procedure is fast, it is one of the principal bases of the treaty which could collapse.