The First minister to conservative british Theresa May announced on Sunday that it will activate before the end of march 2017 article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, prior to the discussion of output of the countries of the european Union. This statement will give satisfaction to the european leaders who have not hidden their eagerness to see London translate into action the vote of the British to the Brexit referendum of 23 June, while the EU is facing a major crisis, between the rise of populism and euroscepticism, the influx of migrants and economic uncertainties.
article 50 ?
The famous article 50 of the treaty on the european Union allows any member State to withdraw from the EU. This provision did not exist prior to the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon, which entered into force in 2009.
It is clarified that a State that has voluntarily withdrawn may begin the process to return within the european Union. The entry of any new member State is subject to the ratification of all the accession agreement, which implies a significant delay… and a risk of being repressed by countries upset that we wanted to separate them.
How will it work ?
as of the notification of the european Council, who will therefore take place in march next year, the United Kingdom and the other 27 States will have two years to negotiate the terms of a Brexit. At the end of this period, two possibilities are conceivable. Either an agreement is found, and the european treaties cease to be applicable to the United Kingdom from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement. The discussions get bogged down, and the output of the United Kingdom is pronounced without an agreement will be found. The British would then have to start from scratch, without nothing to have obtained from the EU. The european Council may decide, unanimously, to extend discussions if both parties have not finished negotiating at the end of two years.
For its part, the government of Theresa May will have to change the legislation of his country. In an interview with the newspaper the Sunday Times, it has announced that it will introduce legislation in the spring of 2017 to revoke the Act of accession to the EU of 1972. “This will mark the first step to make the United Kingdom a sovereign country and independent again,” says Ms. May, stressing that this will mean ” the end of the EU authority in the United Kingdom “. The law, however, would effect that when the United Kingdom will have effectively left the EU, stressed the prime minister.
What future relations between the British and the Europeans ?
What about the maintenance in the single market ? And immigration controls called for by the electors of the Brexit ? So many questions for the moment without response, then, that european leaders have made clear that one cannot have one without the other and that London will not benefit from preferential treatment. “What people want is that the government is capable of deciding who may enter (on the territory of the uk), this is what is important “, merely stating Ms. May on the BBC, stating, however, that the most qualified migrants would remain welcome.
To access the internal market, the English could join the european economic Area with Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway. But this option implies that our neighbours across the Channel would experience the rules of the market, without the means of change, since they would be apart of the Council of the european Union.
Another problem is that the Uk will no longer benefit from the trade agreements between the european Union and third States. It will thus be necessary to negotiate one by one with every country in the world. Steps that could take several years.