The experts of the Office of Investigations and Analysis (BEA) confirmed Sunday, March 13 the scenario of a deliberate crash of the A320 Germanwings March 24, 2015 in the Alps, and recommended improved monitoring medical and psychological drivers to improve flight safety.
in its final report on the accident released Sunday at Le Bourget, the BEA issues security recommendations “to perform regular analysis disabilities theft, especially for psychological or psychiatric problems. ” The crash of the unit of the German company had 150 dead, including six crew members.
On March 24, 2015, Andreas Lubitz, copilot flight GWI18G Barcelona-Düsseldorf Germanwings subsidiary low cost Lufthansa German company, took advantage of the temporary absence of the captain in the cabin to initiate the descent of the Airbus half an hour after takeoff.
the aircraft had crashed after ten minutes in the southern French Alps. According to the BEA, the co-pilot Andreas Lubitz, had “deliberately set the autopilot instructions for controlling an aircraft’s descent to the collision with terrain.”
In its final report, BEA makes no mention of the mandatory presence of a second person constantly in the cockpit, measure applied by most airlines in Europe since the crash of Germanwings. This provision was recommended by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
The main recommendations
– Medical Assessment drivers with mental health problems. the BEA recommends that EASA (European Aviation safety Agency) “requires that when a medical certificate class 1 is issued to an applicant with a history of psychological disorders / mental health of any nature whatsoever followed by the terms of its ability to fly are defined. This may include restrictions on the duration of the certificate or other operational limitations and the need for specific psychiatric assessment for subsequent extensions or renewals. “
– regular analysis of flight disability: the BEA recommends that EASA “part of the European plan for aviation safety to the attention of EU Member States to perform an action an in-flight failure of routine analysis targeting in particular, but not limited to, psychological or psychiatric problems, to enable the continuous reassessment of the medical assessment criteria, to enhance expression of the risk of failure in flight in numerical terms and to encourage the collection of data to validate the effectiveness of these criteria. “
– Mitigation licensing consequences of loss: the BEA recommends that” EASA ensure that European operators include measures in their management systems to mitigate the socio-economic risks to their drivers related to a loss of license for medical reasons. ” The director of the BEA, Rémy Jouty, quoted insurance for loss of license
– Antidepressant drugs and airworthiness. The BEA recommends that “EASA define the ways in which European regulations allow drivers to be declared fit to fly while taking antidepressant medication under medical supervision “
– Balance between medical and public security secret. BEA recommends that “the World health Organization is developing guidelines for Member States to help them to establish clear rules requiring health care providers to inform the competent authorities when the health of a patient specific is likely to affect public safety, including when the patient refuses to consent, without legal risk to the health care provider, while protecting the personal data of patients against unnecessary disclosure. “
the BEA made the same recommendation to the European Commission to set clear rules. “These rules should take account of the driver characteristics, for which the risk of losing their medical certificate, which is not only a financial issue but also touches on their passion for flying, is likely to deter them from seeking appropriate health care . “
the BEA also recommends that” without waiting for action at the level of the European Union, the BMVI (German Ministry of Transport) and Bundesärztekammer (BÄK, order of physicians) publish guidelines for all German health care providers:
* reminding them that they can break the confidentiality and report to the LBA (German civil Aviation authority) or any other authority when competent health professional driver has a potential risk to public safety.
* defining what can be considered an imminent hazard + + + and a threat to public safety when dealing + drivers of health problems.
* limiting the legal consequence for health care providers who break the medical good faith secret to reduce or prevent a threat to public safety. “
– Promotion support programs for pilots: the BEA recommends that “EASA ensure that European operators are encouraging the establishment of support groups to offer drivers, their families and peers a process to report and discuss personal issues and mental health, with the assurance that the information will be kept confidential in a professional environment based on the fair culture, and that the drivers will be supported and guided in order to bring them assistance, to ensure flight safety and allow them to resume their pilotage duties, if any. “