This is a dramatic turn since 2009. The number of billionaires fell slightly this year in the world, and for the first time in six years. Moreover, their fortunes also declined. The American Bill Gates remains the richest man on the planet, according to the annual ranking of the magazine Forbes on Tuesday.
1810 billionaires in the world
This ranking 2016 account 1810 billionaires, 16 less that a year ago. Their combined wealth fell by $ 570 billion, to $ 6,480 billion, says Forbes , which also adds that for the first time since 2010, the average wealth of those billionaires declined, reaching this year to 3.6 billion dollars, 300 million less than last year.
The magazine explains this decline on the instability of the stock market, lower oil prices and a strong dollar, which redistributed the wealth in the world. This redistribution is sensitive to the top of the list. Only two of the top 20 last year maintained the same place in the standings.
75 billion to Gates
Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft, remains for the third consecutive year and for the 17th time in 22 years, the top of the rankings: his fortune is 75 billion dollars, down 4.2 billion from last year.
The Spanish Amacio Ortega, founder of the clothing brand Zara, comes in second place with 67 billion against 64.5 last year, the American businessman Warren Buffett remains in third place with 60.8 billion, down 11.9 billion. Mexico’s Carlos Slim (telecom) retrograde him from second to fourth place, having lost a whopping 27.1 billion from last year: his wealth increased from 77.1 to 50 billion dollars. With its capital slashed by a third, it is the biggest loser in the list.
A good year for Mark Zuckerberg
A 31-year-old Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg is unlike the one that had the best year his increasing fortune of $ 11.2 billion to $ 44.6 billion. He went from 16th place last year to 6th this year. Jeff Bezos (Amazon) goes from 15th to 5th place with a fortune of 45.2 billion.
The Republican candidate for the White House Donald Trump is 324th on the list, with $ 4.5 billion according to Forbes. The real estate mogul had contested last fall to figures from the magazine, claiming to have more capital, about $ 10 billion.
The youngest billionaire is 19 years old
The youngest of these billionaires is a Norwegian heiress 19 years, Alexandra Andresen, who is entering the list with $ 1.2 billion. At 20, his sister Katharina is the second youngest of the list (both in 1476th place).
A total of 66 billionaires under 40 and the list of 190 women against 197 last year. The richest in the world this year is the French Liliane Bettencourt (L’Oreal), 11th in the standings with 36.1 billion (40.1 billion last year). The French Bernard Arnault (LVMH) is 14th, with a fortune estimated by Forbes to $ 34 billion.
The US holds the billionaire record
The United States remains the country in the world with the most billionaires (540), followed by mainland China (251) and Germany (120). The India has 84, Russia 77 (11 less than last year), Hong Kong 69, UK 50, Italy 43, France 39, Canada 33, Switzerland 32. Brazil has 23, against 31 last year.
The ranking this year has 198 new billionaires. Conversely, 221 people are listed more, the American designer Tory Burch. Among those appearing in the rankings in 2015 and 2016, 892 were less rich, 501 are plus.La China is the country that has the most new billionaires this year (70). After the United States (33), Germany (28) and India (8). A total of 67 countries and territories are represented in the rankings, against 70 last year.