the next two days will be important for the future the controversial bill on the labor code, the presentation of the Council of Ministers has been postponed to March 24. The government, which completes its “listening” phase must present the text Monday, March 14 the unions and employers.
Find a compromise looks delicate. Between 240 000 and 400 000 employees, students and pupils gathered Wednesday, March 10 in Paris and several cities to say no to the reform. This is the largest mobilization since the demonstrations against gay marriage. President Francois Hollande held “need to listen” that challenge
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student organizations call to amplify the protest
After the unions and employers, who were consulted between Monday and Wednesday, Manuel Valls received Friday , student organizations and high school girls to continue its operation ‘clearance’.
the Prime Minister has sought reassurance explaining want to “build a dynamic and ambitious compromise” , and promising to “correct, correct, change what needs to be”
“next Monday, we will draw to all social partners the conclusions of this week’s dialogue to move forward, and then send the changes, the changes that will be necessary to the State Council so that the Council of Ministers on March 24 can adopt this legislation. “
His words have not convinced the representatives of students and pupils, who called to amplify the protest for the withdrawal of the project. The National Union of Students of France (UNEF), the main student union, explained after the talks:
“The fundamental disagreement remains. What explains the Prime Minister, is that you can discuss everything, but not in the labor law. “
It confirmed its participation in two big days of mobilization planned March 17 and March 31, which will also involve the employees in the call, including the CGT and FO .
the FAGE, another student union called for demonstrations Saturday, March 12th (as the CFDT, CFTC, CGC and UNSA), said it would wait to see if its Monday text change requests, “unacceptable as is” were heard
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Two major points of opposition
Two measures were unanimously rejected by the unions: capping industrial tribunal for unfair dismissal compensation, which will more than fifteen months salary for the older workers, and reform of redundancy, whose criteria will be more accurate and popular, for multinationals, on their own subsidiaries in France.
about capping prud’homales allowances, “Manuel Valls never said they were not negotiable” , assured the Secretary of State for Relations with Parliament, Jean-Marie Le Guen. “We can discuss the terms. (…) This measure, as well as other (…) can obviously move. “
The unions also oppose the opportunity in small business, happened to collective agreement to implement the package days, derogatory device to thirty-five hours allowing remunerate employees based on the number of days worked per year. Manuel Valls remained discreet about his intentions.
Bruno Le Roux, leader of Socialist deputies, assured that there would be “significant improvements” , including “the definition of redundancy” . But some members of the majority are threatening to oppose the project if it remains in the state
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Some counterparties referred to calm the game
Facing the challenge, the Minister of Labour, Myriam El Khomri, made proposals to try to calm the situation. the first is to increase employers’ unemployment insurance contributions for CSD to encourage hiring on permanent contracts.
But M me El Khomri recognized it fell foremost the social partners. The idea raised by the unions, is indeed already one of the issues in their negotiations with employers on a new unemployment insurance convention, initiated in February.
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the second track mentioned by the minister more directly concerns the bill, although this is not in one of the main elements. The text provides that apprentices under 18 years may work up to ten hours a day and forty hours per week “exceptional circumstances or when objective grounds” , in areas determined by Decree and after simple information of the labor inspector and labor doctor.
Asked about the possible loss of this provision, the Minister confirmed that the “pull” was a track “on the table” .
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The issue of the “rally” of CFDT
the series of consultations this week marks the end of the listening phase. The executive must now decide by Monday afternoon, when he will find all trade unions and employers (CGT, FO, CFDT, CFE-CGC and UNSA union side, MEDEF, CGPME and UPA employer side).
to strengthen the staff of activity account, the main component favorable to employees in the text? It is likely, even if the Medef and the General Confederation of employers of small and medium enterprises (CGPME) are reluctant. Manuel Valls spoke, Friday, March 11, measures on the “right to education” “we will of course offer” .
But this does not seem enough to convince the unions. The main obstacle to the executive is up to the side of the CFDT union and reformist usual partner, who made the removal of the cap on allowances prud’homales a “sine qua non” . Without the “rally” of the plant led by Laurent Berger, the executive would go to Parliament without the support of one of the three major unions
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the right, it anticipates a retreat. “As usual, it will be one law for anything, it will be devitalized, it will be a pretense of law” , considered the patron of senators Republicans, Bruno Retailleau.