” If we are not heard, we will mobilize. “ A few hours before meeting at Matignon Manuel Valls, Monday, March 7, the secretary general of the CFDT, Laurent Berger, reiterated the determination of his union. And the warning is taken seriously by the government: the CFDT has become the central actor in the negotiations on the draft law of El Khomri reform of the labor code. While a majority of unions are demanding the full withdrawal of the text, she took the head of the reformist camp, only four other unions – the CFE-CGC, CFTC, UNSA and FAGE – having agreed to negotiate to “rebalance” a hotly disputed text.
a sign of attention to the boss of the CFDT, it’s less than twenty-four hours after his call for a postponement of the examination of the text the Prime Minister announced that the bill would finally be presented to Cabinet on March 24, not March 9. “We have obtained the postponement of the bill, we will now fight for a rebalancing of the text” , and welcomed Mr. Berger on 29 February.
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a week earlier, the Minister of social Affairs Marisol Touraine, had already called “sensitive to what Laurent said Berger, who think another balance can be built” . The boss of the Socialist Party (PS), Jean-Christophe Cambadélis, it has suggested that his training would match in fine on the position of the center:
” we must take into account the demands of the trade unions, that on two or three subjects, there [was] developments. I think if we want to overcome the philosophy of flexibility and security for employees, it must involve the reformist unions. “
Manuel Valls, who starts Monday a series of meetings with unions and employer representatives, promised Sunday ” improvements “ to answer” to the questions, concerns, ambiguities and develop what needs to change . ” Because without agreement with CFDT, the bill would certainly have a hard time being adopted
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the red lines reformist
the CFDT, which has accompanied major social reforms of the five year term of Francois Hollande, welcomed some progress in the bill: the creation of the CPA – Laurent Berger, however, wishes to enrich – the strengthening of social dialogue, rights to additional training for young people … But in an interview with World , leader of the second largest French union has mostly tried this before -project “very unbalanced between flexibility and security ‘ and bringing ” wrong answers “.
among the issues considered ” unacceptable “, capping prud’homales benefits – between three and fifteen months’ salary depending on seniority – in case of unfair dismissal. Monday, Laurent Berger warned that his union “would not let go” on the issue of withdrawal of the scale of compensation. Manuel Valls said he was ready to “adaptations” on that, without questioning the principle of capping
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Second line red for the reformist unions, the rules governing redundancies. The draft law specifies the grounds which may be relied upon to pronounce the redundancies and provides that a company has demonstrated the difficulties on French soil, and not at group level, in order to use it.
such an arrangement of “french employees consider as an adjustment variable in competitiveness between European companies” , to the CFDT. She hoped that the text allows judges to “continue to assess the reality of the economic difficulties” and the concept of “national scope” be deleted.
Three major opposition point: the strengthening of unilateral decision-making power of the employer on the increase in weekly working hours (up to 40 hours), or in companies with fewer than 50 employees, for the establishment of day packages and modulation of working time in sixteen weeks.
in the absence of a collective agreement in small businesses, the reformist unions are demanding that the current law continues to apply . “No day-package [derogatory device to thirty-five hours] can not be implemented unilaterally” , they insist.
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Three weeks of consultation and events
From 7 to 9 March: the Prime Minister Manuel Valls receives and labor leaders
March 9. Call for mobilization for removal of the El Khomri bill initiated by citizens, youth organizations and unions. Rallies are planned in more than a hundred cities. The reform of the labor code was originally to be discussed on March 9
March 12. Five unions – CFDT, CFE-CGC, CFTC, UNSA and FAGE – called “youth and workers’ rallies ” to publicize and support their proposals, “ to fundamentally change the proposed El Khomri law
14. March: plenary meeting of the social partners and the Prime Minister
March 24. Presentation of the Bill by the Cabinet
. March 31: Sept unions, including the CGT, FO and Solidarity, called the strike and demonstrations to demand the withdrawal of the text